The Tsa-Latĺ/Smokehouse Conservancy is within the traditional territory of the Gwa’sala-‘Nakwaxda’xw First Nation. The presence of cultural sites and nearby Indian Reserve #5, Halowis, points to the importance of the Long Lake/Smokehouse watershed to the Gwa’sala-‘Nakwaxda’xw First Nation.
The conservancy is ecologically rich. It supports spawning salmon and large predators such as grizzly bear. Salmon are the cornerstone of a healthy grizzly bear population, which is further supported by a rich and very productive habitat, making the Smokehouse watershed an important contributor to maintaining coastal grizzly bear populations. Also protected in the conservancy are old growth forests, Sitka spruce forests, wetlands, floodplains and estuaries.