The conservancy is within the traditional territories of the Kwiakah, Xwemalhkwu and We Wai Kum First Nations. Phillips Estuary/ᕈNacinuxᵂ Conservancy is managed collaboratively by BC Parks and the Kwiakah First Nation.
The cultural values of the Phillips Estuary/ᕈNacinuxᵂ Conservancy have extremely high significance to the Kwiakah First Nation, who have two historical village sites, Hwihawi village and Matsayno, Indian Reserve #5, located in and adjacent to the conservancy, respectively. Historically, the Phillips River Estuary and the surrounding area provided cedar trees, fishing and hunting grounds and various plants, berries and medicines that were collected, prepared and stored for the winter months. The marine area was a source of eel grass, seals, ducks, crabs and at times, herring. These values continue to be important to First Nations today.
The estuary and lake complex are important to both salmon and grizzly bears. The quality and diversity of the marine, estuarine, lake and river environments merge to produce a protected area with high biodiversity and conservation values.
Salmon are at the centre of the natural values found in this conservancy. The river, lake and estuary provide high quality aquatic environments that support spawning salmon as well as resident species of fish. The nutrients provided by spawning salmon and the protected riparian habitats help ensure good water quality and provide habitat for a variety of wildlife, including grizzly bears.
General Wildlife, Marine & Outdoor Ethics Information