Moksgm’ol/Chapple-Cornwall Conservancy was designated as a conservancy on July 14, 2006 following recommendations from the Central Coast Land and Resource Management Plan. There were three previous mineral claims in the conservancy.
The “Sable” claims of 1989 targeted black granite in Barnard Harbour and on Borde Island. The “Cordilla” claims of 1920 targeted pyritized quartz veins containing gold and silver on the west side of Drake Inlet, near Cornwall Inlet. From 1921-1922, a 91 metre adit was driven along a mineralized shear zone. The “Campania” claims of 1920 targeted partly mineralized quartz veins containing copper, silver and gold near Leading Point on the northwest side of Princess Royal Island. Adits, shafts and trenches were worked along the veins from 1920-1934.
There is an old wooden hull fishing boat wreck on the beach at the entrance to Barnard Harbour, on the northeast side. The UTM coordinates for the boat wreck are: Zone 09U; 5880950 m North; 0492823 m East.
The conservancy is in the asserted traditional territories of the Gitga’at and Gitxaala First Nations. The conservancy contains eight known archaeological sites (pre-contact shell middens, culturally modified trees, fish traps, canoe skid, habitation and burial sites) and has historically been used for the traditional harvest of shellfish, seaweed and trapping by local First Nations.
Because of their ghost-like appearance, “Spirit Bears” hold a prominent place in the First Nations mythology of the area and is known to them as Moksgm’ol.
There are three Indian Reserves (IR) adjacent to and excluded from the conservancy. IR #7 (Kahas) is located in Cameron Cove (Barnard Harbour); IR #8 (Kayel) is located south of Redfern Point and east of Ashdown Island; and IR #9 (Lackzuswadda) is located on Sager Islets near the entrance to Chapple Inlet.
Use the below links for more information or to contact these First Nations.
The conservancy protects an area of cultural and historical value to the local First Nations as well as high recreational use and old-growth forests of red cedar, hemlock and spruce, portions of small coastal streams and coastal wildlife habitat including important salmon spawning streams and habitat for Kermode bears. The conservancy also protects karst features and caves with white marble near Chapple Inlet.
Wildlife: Black bears, wolves, waterfowl, eagles, spawning salmon and the occasional deer can be seen in the conservancy. Humpback whales, killer whales, Dall’s porpoises, Pacific white-sided dolphins, sea Lions and harbour seals can also be seen in the adjacent marine waters.
This conservancy protects a population and habitat of Kermode bears. The Kermode bear, also known as the “spirit bear”, is a subspecies of the American black bear living in the central and north coast of British Columbia and noted for about 1/10 of their population having white or cream-colored fur. This color variant is due to a unique recessive trait in their gene pool. They are neither albino nor related to polar bears.
The Kermode bear was named after Francis Kermode, former director of the Royal B.C. Museum who researched the species. Because of their ghost-like appearance, “spirit bear” hold a prominent place the First Nations mythology of the area and is known to them as Moksgm’ol. During the February 2006 Throne Speech by the Government of British Columbia, the Kermode bear was designated as British Columbia’s official mammal.